The Definition and Purpose of Education

Discourse on education is still ongoing. The long debate about the meaning (essence) of education itself is still common. Various opinions from different perspectives make education meaningful. Education is sometimes interpreted as a transfer of knowledge, or sometimes also interpreted as a process of guidance provided by adults to learners to become mature and able to carry out the task in his life.

Even education is also often interpreted as an internalization of existing cultural values of society. The notions of education as above, often confuse us. As a result, various questions about what the nature of education is still often heard everywhere.


The Meaning of Education

Before discussing more about the essence of education, let’s first discuss the meaning of education itself. Etymologically (language), education comes from the Greek meaning paedagogie, consisting of the word “pais” meaning child, and “Again” is translated by guiding. So, the paedagogie is the guidance given to the child. In a simple sense education is often interpreted as a human effort to foster his personality in accordance with the values in society and culture. In its development, the term education means the guidance or help given deliberately by an adult to become an adult.

Furthermore, education is defined as an effort undertaken by a person or group of others in order to mature or attain a higher level of living or livelihood in a mental sense.


Educational Types and Objectives

There are many goals of giving an education to a person. Depending on the type of education itself. Before discussing the purpose of education, let’s talk about the type of education itself. The following are the types of education that already exist.

  1. Formal education

Formal Education is a structured and tiered education that consists of early childhood education, primary education, secondary education, and higher education. Formal education consists of formal education of public status and formal education of private status.

This formal education is structured, it is clear that managing it, has a clear and recognized system so that each completed educational unit of its students can proceed to higher level.


  1. Non-formal education

Non-formal education is an educational path outside of formal education that can be implemented in a structured and tiered manner. Non-formal educational outcomes can be rewarded on a par with the outcome of a formal education program after going through an equivalency assessment process by a government agency.


  1. Informal education

Informal education is a path of family and environmental education in the form of independent learning activities. The results of informal education are recognized as formal and non-formal education after the learner passes the exam in accordance with the national standard of education


After knowing the types of education as discussed above, the purpose of education is as follows.

  • Educate a person to become a better person
  • Adding knowledge
  • Adding certain skills that can be used on the works
  • Changing all sorts of bad habits that exist in man becomes a good habit
  • Improving the quality of self into a person who can compete and answer the challenges in the future


And so that’s it this discussion about education this time, I hope this article is useful and can add insight to your education.